Responsive Web page

 Introduction to Web Design (Part-02)

UNIT: -01

Introduction to Web Design: -

Introduction to internet


Website and working of website

Webpages with front end and back end,

Client & server scripting language,

Responsive web designing

Static & dynamic websites



Webpages with front end and back end: -

A webpage is an individual document on the World Wide Web that can be accessed via the Internet.

It typically contains text, images, videos, and other multimedia content, along with interactive elements such as links and forms.

Webpages are created using HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), and JavaScript.

HTML provides the structure and content of the page, CSS is used to style the page's appearance, and JavaScript provides interactivity and dynamic behaviour.

Webpages are accessed through a web browser, such as Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, or Apple Safari, by entering a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) into the address bar.

Webpages can be designed and created by individuals or organizations to share information, promote products or services, or to express personal opinions and interests.


The terms "front end" and "back end" are used to describe the two main parts of a web application.

The front end, also known as the client-side, refers to the part of the web application that interacts with the user.

This includes the user interface, the design, and the user experience.

The front end is built using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, and it runs in the user's web browser.

When a user interacts with a web application, the front end sends requests to the back end for data or other resources and then displays the results to the user.

The back end, also known as the server-side, refers to the part of the web application that runs on the server and handles all the behind-the-scenes operations.

This includes the database, the application logic, and the server-side scripting.

The back end is typically built using programming languages such as PHP, Ruby, Python, or Node.js, and it communicates with the front end using APIs (Application Programming Interfaces).

In summary, the front end is responsible for the user experience and the visual presentation of the web application, while the back end is responsible for the data processing and the application logic. Both the front end and back-end work together to create a seamless user experience and provide the functionality that the user needs.


Client & server scripting language: -


Client-side scripting languages and server-side scripting languages are used to develop web applications and websites.

Client-side scripting languages run in the user's web browser and are used to add interactivity and dynamic behaviour to web pages.

The most commonly used client-side scripting languages are JavaScript and jQuery.

Client-side scripting is used to validate user inputs, create animations, and perform other actions without requiring a page refresh.

Server-side scripting languages run on the web server and are used to process server-side requests and generate dynamic web pages.

The most commonly used server-side scripting languages are PHP, Ruby, Python, and Node.js. Server-side scripting is used to access databases, process form submissions, and perform other server-side operations.

In summary, client-side scripting is used to add interactivity to web pages and enhance the user experience, while server-side scripting is used to perform server-side operations and generate dynamic web pages. Both client-side and server-side scripting play important roles in the development of web applications and websites.


Responsive web designing: -

Responsive web design (RWD) is a method of web design that allows a website to automatically adjust its layout and content to different screen sizes and device types.

The goal of Responsive web design is to provide a consistent and optimal user experience across all devices, whether it's a desktop computer, tablet, or smartphone.

Fig. Responsive Webpage

Responsive web design is achieved through the use of CSS media queries, flexible grid-based layouts, and flexible images and media.

The design of a responsive website should be based on the idea of fluidity and proportionality, meaning that elements on the page adjust their size and position based on the size of the screen.

One of the main benefits of responsive web design is that it eliminates the need to create separate mobile versions of a website.

With Responsive web design (RWD) the same website can be accessed from any device, providing a consistent and seamless user experience.

Additionally, responsive web design can help improve search engine optimization (SEO) by providing a single URL for a website, rather than separate URLs for different versions of the site.

In conclusion, responsive web design is an essential aspect of modern web development, as it allows websites to be optimized for different devices and provides a consistent user experience across all devices.


Static & dynamic websites: -


A static web page is a type of web page that has fixed content and design.

The content of a static web page remains the same every time it is loaded, regardless of who the user is or what time it is.

The layout and design of the page are also fixed, and any changes to the page require manual updates to the HTML code.

A dynamic web page, on the other hand, is a type of web page that can change its content and layout based on user actions or other variables.

The content of a dynamic web page can be generated in real-time using server-side scripting languages such as PHP, Python, or Ruby on Rails, and can be customized for each individual user based on their location, preferences, or other factors.


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